Who is at Risk of a Stroke?

Some people are more at risk of having  a stroke if they also have certain other medical conditions. These include:

• High blood pressure

• High cholesterol

• an irregular heartbeat)

• Diabetes

(It is important that these conditions are carefully monitored and treated.)

There are also lifestyle factors that may significantly increase the risk of having a stroke.

• Smoking

• Being overweight

• Lack of exercise

• Poor diet

• Exceeding the recommended daily alcohol limit*

Leading a healthy, active lifestyle is vital to help reduce your risk of having a stroke

What is a stroke?

A stroke is a serious, life-threatening medical condition that occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off.

Strokes are a medical emergency and urgent treatment is important because the sooner a person receives treatment, the less damage will occur.

If you think that someone is having a stroke, phone 999 immediately and ask for an ambulance.

Recognising Signs & Symptoms of a Stroke


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Symptoms of a Stroke

SUDDEN numbness or weakness of face, arm or leg, usually on one side of the body


SUDDEN confusion, trouble speaking, or understanding


 SUDDEN trouble seeing in one or both eyes


SUDDEN trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination


SUDDEN severe headache with no known cause

You can download a leaflet by clicking here or take the NHS Stroke Test here

If you suspect a stroke it is important to act  FAST

FACE: Ask the person to smile. Does one side of the face droop?       

ARMS: Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?  

SPEECH: Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase. Is their speech slurred or unusual?               
TIME: If you observe any of these signs, call 999 immediately.