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​Dealing with a Casualty in Shock


Signs and symptoms.


·         Skin - pale cold and clammy.

·         Pulse - rapid but weak.

·         Breathing - shallow and fast

·         Nausea, dizziness and confusion.

·         Loss of consciousness.

·         Thirst.





·         Failure of the circulatory system.

·         Loss of fluid from the system causes blood pressure to fall to a dangerous level.

·         The body responds by diverting blood to the vital organs such as the heart and lungs.




·         Treat any cause identified.

·         Reassure the casualty.

·         Lie them down and raise the legs.

·         Loosen tight clothing and keep the casualty warm.

·         Monitor ABC and level of response


Do not give the casualty anything to eat or drink and do not let them smoke.