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Dealing with severe blood loss
· Expose the wound if there is no foreign object present then apply direct pressure using a clean pad and elevate the limb.
· Secure the dressing in place firmly but not too tightly.
· If the wound continues to bleed then pad over the first dressing.
· If after 2 pads the wound continues to bleed then you will need to remove dressings and re- apply. Ensure pressure is exerted over wound
· If unable to stem bleeding you may have to consider indirect pressure
· Indirect pressure can only be applied to limbs.
· Pressure is exerted over the artery to reduce blood flow.
· This may only be applied for ten minutes.
· Slowly release the pressure and only reapply if the wound continues to bleed.
The complications associated with a severe bleed include :
· Infection – make sure you take steps to reduce this risk both for you and the casualty.
· Shock – prevent the casualty from going into shock.